Transylvanian Wines

The importance of the Transylvanian wine-growing region is not given by the actual extent of the vineyards, which barely reach 14,000 hectares, but by the quality of the wines produced here, with particular noble and unique features, as well as by the enormous potential of the area for viticultural expansion. Vine growing is favored in these regions by a relief that seems to be specially destined for such purpose, consisting of endless hill slopes waiting to be covered with vineyards.

Not long before, each Transylvanian settlement had its own vineyards, perched even on steep slopes, with beautifully aligned rows flowing from top to bottom. From the yard of his parents’ house in Lancram, the eyes of the child Lucian Blaga have been drawn by the “vine slope” on the eastern edge of the village. Most of these plantations disappeared due to the collectivization, because – as they were located and planted – only the vineyards’ owners could harvest them. Will such garden-vines ever reappear around villages? Will they ever reanimate the Transylvanian landscape? Let us hope so! It would be a shame if it were no longer possible.

Five major vineyards are outlined on the current (and on the old) viticultural map of Transylvania. The Tarnave vineyard classifies at the top of the list, with its wine-growing centers at Blaj, Jidvei, Medias, Tarnaveni, Zagar and Valea Nirajului. Its neighbor by location and similar by fame – is the Alba vineyard, dividing its vines between the Alba-Iulia and Ighiu viticultural centers; a little to the south there is the Sebes-Apold vineyard, while the Aiud one spreads to the north. Finally, located high up on the map, there is the ancient Lechinta vineyard, with its famous viticultural centers at Lechinta, Teaca, Bistrita and Batos.

The Transylvanian vines are by no means widespread, yet the wines obtained here – well known and highly appreciated – have turned into products largely required for export and on the domestic market. Is there anyone who hasn’t experienced the Blaj and Jidvei wines or the Alba-Iulia and Apold sparkling wines? Is there anyone left who hasn’t been thrilled by their outstanding qualities?

We are on a quest for these wines, treading with excitement on the way of Transylvanian vines. We shall depart from the center of the region, from the Tarnave vineyard; we shall pass through the Alba and Aiud vineyards and end our journey up in the north, in the Lechinta vineyard. Of course, this is not an exhaustive quest, but it is enough to get a glimpse of the viticulture in this area and of the quality of its wines.

TRANSILVANIA

Vineyard Viticultural centre County Varieties
Recommended Authorised

TARNAVE

Blaj

Alba

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Sauvignon
Traminer roz

Neuburger
Riesling italian

 

Jidvei

Alba

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Traminer roz

Neuburger
Riesling italian
Sauvignon

 

Medias

Mures

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Traminer roz

Neuburger
Riesling italian
Sauvignon

 

Tarnaveni

Mures

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Traminer roz

Riesling italian
Sauvignon

Zagar

Mures

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Traminer roz

Riesling italian
Sauvignon

 

Valea Nirajului

Mures

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Pinot gris

Muscat Ottonel
Riesling italian 

ALBA

Alba Iulia

Alba

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Sauvignon
Traminer roz

Feteasca regala
Riesling italian

 

Ighiu

Alba

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Sauvignon
Traminer roz

Feteasca regala
Riesling italian

 

SEBES - APOLD

Sebes

Alba

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Sauvignon

Riesling italian
Traminer roz

 

Apold

Sibiu

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Sauvignon

Neuburger
Riesling italian
Traminer roz

 

AIUD

Aiud

Alba

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Traminer roz
Sauvignon

Feteasca regala
Neuburger
Riesling italian
Riesling de Rin

Turda

Cluj

Feteasca alba
Pinot gris
Traminer roz
Sauvignon

Feteasca regala Muscat Ottonel
Riesling italian

Triteni

Cluj

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris
Traminer roz

Feteasca regala Riesling italian

LECHINTA

Lechinta

Bistrita Nasaud

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris

Feteasca regala
Neuburger

Riesling italian

Teaca

Bistrita Nasaud

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris

Feteasca regala
Neuburger
Riesling italian

Bistrita

Bistrita Nasaud

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris

Feteasca regala
Riesling italian Sauvignon

Batos

Mures

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel
Pinot gris

Feteasca regala
Riesling italian

-

Geoagiu

Hunedoara

Feteasca alba

Feteasca alba
Muscat Ottonel

-

Dej

Cluj

Feteasca alba
Feteasca regala

Muscat Ottonel

 
Order Stickers - International Wine Contest, Bucharest 2009